1 vote

Springwater Volunteer Covered Bridge 49-70-01


South Portal

This bridge was built in 1997, it is one of two covered bridges in Wisconsin. The last historic covered bridge in Wisconsin is the Cedarburg Covered Bridge (also known as "The Red Bridge") in Ozaukee County.

Photo taken by J.R. Manning in June 2009


BH Photo #141464



Covered Bridge over Pine River on Covered Bridge Rd (24th Ln)
Waushara County, Wisconsin
Open to traffic
Built 1997
Wooden Town Lattice Truss
Length of largest span: 40.0 ft.
Total length: 46.9 ft.
Deck width: 14.8 ft.
Also called
Pine River Covered Bridge
Approximate latitude, longitude
+44.17944, -89.13333   (decimal degrees)
44°10'46" N, 89°07'60" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
16/329477/4894016 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Wild Rose
Average daily traffic (as of 2015)
Inventory numbers
WGCB 49-70-01 (World Guide to Covered Bridges number)
BH 41846 (Bridgehunter.com ID)
Inspection report (as of May 2018)
Overall condition: Good
Superstructure condition rating: Very Good (8 out of 9)
Substructure condition rating: Good (7 out of 9)
Deck condition rating: Very Good (8 out of 9)
Sufficiency rating: 31.9 (out of 100)
View more at BridgeReports.com

Update Log 

  • February 24, 2014: New photos from Jack Schmidt
  • June 14, 2009: New photos from J.R. Manning
  • May 24, 2009: Updated by Brian McKee


  • Brian McKee - bjmckee51 [at] yahoo [dot] com
  • J.R. Manning - thekitchenguy [at] sbcglobal [dot] net
  • Jack Schmidt - jjturtle [at] earthlink [dot] net


Springwater Volunteer Covered Bridge 49-70-01
Posted March 28, 2010, by Nathan Holth (form3 [at] historicbridges [dot] org)

Its probably listed structurally deficient because even though its a modern, non-historic bridge built in 1997, its still posted for only 5 tons. With a 14.8 foot wide deck width its also probably functionally obsolete. Obviously the bridge was designed to be substandard from the start. Nothing wrong with that: its called a design exception, and its perfectly legal although try telling that to a highway agency when arguing for preservation of a concrete or metal historic bridge and they look at you like you are crazy.

Besides, NBI data doesn't matter for covered bridges. Sufficiency Ratings and other NBI data is only used in the condemnation of other historic bridge types, such as the metal truss or concrete arch.

Springwater Volunteer Covered Bridge 49-70-01
Posted March 27, 2010, by J.R. Manning (thekitchenguy [at] sbcglobal [dot] net)

Rachelle, it's not OUR rating system, it is the federal government's rating system, a part of the National Bridge Inventory. The National Bridge Inspection Standard was created as a result of the collapse of the Silver Bridge across the Ohio River in 1967.

You can read about it here: http://bridgehunter.com/oh/gallia/silver/

The NBIS requires that all bridges that carry or intersect with public roadways, longer than 20 feet, to be inspected every two years.

The results of those inspections are listed in the NBI, or National Bridge Inventory. All data that are listed for bridges on this site come from the NBI.

If you would like to check it for yourself, you can search the NBI at http://www.nationalbridges.com/ by entering the pertinent data for the bridge in question. A seach of the NBI for the Springwater Volunteer Bridge returns this report:

Place Name: Springwater (Town of), Wisconsin

NBI Structure Number: B69004000000000


Facility Carried: LRD COVERED BRIDGE

Feature Intersected: PINE RIVER

Location: 0.1 M S JCT CTH A

Year Built: 1997

This bridge is Structurally Deficient

Owned and maintained by: Town or Township Highway Agency

Functional Classification: Rural Local

Service On Bridge: Highway

Service Under Bridge: Waterway

Lanes On Structure: 1

Structure Length: 14.3 m

Bridge Roadway Width: 4.5 m

Operating Rating: 9.1 Metric Tons

Number of Spans in Main Unit: 1 Span

Material Design: Wood or Timber

Design Construction: Other

Scour: Foundations determined to be stable for calculated scour conditions, correctional action required

Bridge Railing: Does not meet currently acceptable standards.

Structural Evaluation: Basically intolerable requiring high priority of replacement

Water Adequacy Evaluation: Equal to present desirable criteria

Estimated Total Improvement Project Cost: $217000

Year of Project Cost Estimate: 2007

Average Daily Traffic: 50

Year of Average Daily Traffic: 2005

Sufficiency Rating: 38.3 %

Springwater Volunteer Covered Bridge 49-70-01
Posted March 27, 2010, by James Baughn (webmaster [at] bridgehunter [dot] com)


The ratings come directly from the National Bridge Inventory, managed by the Federal Highway Administration. Most public bridges are required to be inspected every two years, and these rating numbers are the result of the latest inspection.

The "structurally deficient" tag might be a mistake, but that's what the record shows.

Springwater Volunteer Bridge
Posted March 27, 2010, by Rachelle Towne (RachelleTowne [at] hotmail [dot] com)

I was reviewing information on the Springwater Volunteer Bridge in Waushara County, WI and saw your rating system as to Structurally Deficient, Decking COndition, etc. No where that I have found is the rating system explained! BTW, the Springwater Volunteer Bridge is constructed of Douglas fir and has wood preservatives used in its regular maintenance. It is a new bridge built on a historic design developed in the 1840s by Ethiel Town (who also designed the US Patent Office in Washington, D.C.)and is a cousin of one of the current day volunteer builders of this beautiful bridge. (If this bridge rate only 8 out of 9, I can't imagine where the bridge is that received 9 out of 9!)