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Grand Avenue Viaduct


General View Of Bridge, South Side, Looking Northeast From West

Photo taken for the Historic American Engineering Record

View photos at Library of Congress

BH Photo #309312



The Grand Avenue Viaduct, Milwaukee's earliest example of a large scale concrete bridge, was the result of a national design competition which included entries from some of the most prominent architects and engineers of the day. The winning entry by The Concrete-Steel Engineering Company and by Palmer & Hornbostel of New York employed the Melan steel beam reinforcement method. The Art Deco bridge is of a barrel arch design and is a relatively late example of the Melan system. Second place in the competition went to a more innovative ribbed arch design by the well-known concrete engineer, C.A.P. Turner. City officials envisioned the viaduct as one link in a grand boulevard that would eventually connect Milwaukee with Madison, 100 miles to the west.

-- Historic American Engineering Record


Lost Open-spandrel arch bridge over North 44th Street, Canadian National Railway, Menomonee River, North 39th Street, Miller Brewing Co on Grand Avenue/Wisconsin Avenue
Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
Replaced by a new bridge
Built 1911; replaced 1993
- Concrete-Steel Engineering Co. of New York, New York (Designer)
- Gustav Steinhagen of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany (Supervising Engineer)
- McCarthy Improvement Co. of Davenport, Iowa
- National Engineering & Construction Co. of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Second Contractor)
- Newton Engineering Co. of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Original Contractor)
- Palmer & Hornbostel of New York, New York (Designer)
- William Mueser of Moers, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (Designer)
Open-spandrel arch
Approximate latitude, longitude
+43.03878, -87.96655   (decimal degrees)
43°02'20" N, 87°57'60" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
16/421267/4765574 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Inventory number
BH 64313 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • December 20, 2016: New photo from Dave King

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  • Dave King - DKinghawkfan [at] hotmail [dot] com