By Austin Hall https://bygone-nashville.mtsu.edu/items/show/39
The pathway to Nashville suburbs
Originally built in 1850, a suspension bridge crossed the Cumberland River and connected Edgefield directly to downtown Nashville. In 1874, The Republican Banner printed an article about the bridge highlighting its importance to the town stating, “the building of this bridge gave an impetus to the growth of Edgefield, making desirable a large body of land which was not so well reached by the old bridge.” This suspension bridge allowed the affluent of Nashville to more easily escape the crowded city and live in a quiet suburb. Prior to the construction of the bridge, those who wanted to go from Nashville to Edgefield would either have to take a ferry across the Cumberland River, or travel north to the bridge connected to Gallatin Pike. The 1850 bridge was designed by a Nashville architect, Colonel A. Heiman, and built by a contractor named Captain M.D. Field, whose brother supervised the laying of the first Atlantic Cable. Confederate troops destroyed the suspension bridge during the Civil War, but it was rebuilt in 1866 and owned by the Nashville and Edgefield Suspension Bridge Company. A family with one horse and buggy would have to pay around $50 a year in order to use the bridge. Many residents of Nashville and Edgefield thought that the price was too high; newspapers even called the prices “a little oppressive.” A new, free bridge was not built until 1882 by the Broad Street Bridge Company and was purchased by the city for $75,000 in 1883. It was located where the Woodland Street Bridge stands today. The construction of the free bridge was so applauded by the people of Edgefield that there was a ‘jollification meeting” held in the public square in celebration.