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Iron Bridge Road Bridge

Photos 

Photo taken by nathan myers in April 2015

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BH Photo #349702

Map 

Street View 

Description 

Copied from the 2002 update of the 1987 NJ state historic bridge survey.

SUMMARY Moved to its present location in 1924, the riveted Warren pony truss appears to date to ca. 1905. It is composed of angles, set back-toback with spacers. The top chord is braced at the panel points with a laced outrigger. There are numerous welded repairs and strengthening. The trusses were too short for the crossing, so a stringer approach span and concrete pier were added. The ashlar abutments date to 1869. The undocumented span is individually eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion C.

INFORMATION Bibliography: Mercer County Engineer's Office. Bridge Transfer File # 670.4.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION The 78'-long 7-panel riveted Warren pony truss was relocated to this site in 1924. The south end of the trusses bears on a deteriorating ashlar abutment built in 1868, according to the date stone. Because the trusses were too short for the crossing, a concrete pier and rolled stringer approach span were built in 1924 to accommodate using the truss lines at this location. Both spans have a plank deck. The truss members, including the top and lower chords, are composed of angles riveted back-to-back. The inclined end posts and diagonals have washers or spacers at the rivets. The floor beams are suspended from U-bolt hangers that rest on a two-piece saddle fitted beneath what remains of the gusset plate at the panel point. The floor beams, with punched holes in the top flanges and in some webs, are hung from two U hangers with hex-headed bolts. All other connections are riveted, including the original laced knee braces with square-headed bolts. Portions of the original/early lattice railing survive on the truss spans, but it has been replaced elsewhere by modern beam guide rail barriers. There are numerous small welded repairs and strengthening to the lower portion of the trusses, and they also have impact damage.

HISTORICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE The present 2-span bridge over Crosswicks Creek, erected in 1924 as an intercounty (Mercer and Burlington) project, is at least the second bridge at the crossing. It utilizes the handsome but deteriorated random ashlar abutments that date to 1868. The abutments are early, complete, and documented, making them a noteworthy feature of the crossing.

The date of construction and fabricator of the riveted Warren trusses is not known. They date stylistically to ca. 1905, and they exhibit no distinctive or innovative details. The trusses were moved to this site in 1924. Since they were too short for the crossing, a new concrete pier and stringer approach span were added to the north side. The trusses are not without numerous welded patches installed as repairs or strengthening. Physical evidence suggests that the flooring system has been modified, probably when the trusses were moved. The rolled I-section floor beams have punched holes in the top flanges, and some have similar holes in the web suggesting that they are salvaged material. A similar detail of hung floor beams on otherwise all rivet-connected truss bridge is the 1904 pony truss bridge at Cedar Lane in Burlington County (03D3760). The floor beam hangers are original on that bridge making it a more complete and significant example of the detail.

The laced outriggers appear to be original. They are found on some other Warren pony truss bridges in the state, so this in not a rare example of the detail.

The undocumented span is one of three riveted Warren pony truss spans in Mercer County. It is not as complete as the 3-span 1903 Berlin Construction Company bridge on Province Line Road (1105302). Its setting, with a modern residential subdivision at to the northwest, is also not as well preserved as the Province Line Road span. The fact that is was moved is also not unusual as Mercer County was frequently moving serviceable trusses during the 1920s. A better documented example of a moved truss within the county is the Groveville-Allentown Road span over Doctors Creek (1100028). What is unusual about the Iron Bridge Road span is the hanging of the floor beams on an otherwise all riveted bridge, but that detail is believed to be a modification rather than the original arrangement. The undocumented bridge is a representative example of a common truss type and design that appears to be too altered to retain its integrity of design.

Facts 

Overview
Pony truss bridge over Crosswicks Creek on Iron Bridge Road
Location
Mercer County, New Jersey
Status
Open to traffic
History
Abutments built 1868; Abutments rehabilitated, altered the superstructure (iron part) replaced in1924 with the (used, 1905?) present structure
Design
Warren pony truss
Dimensions
Length of largest span: 76.1 ft.
Total length: 103.0 ft.
Deck width: 16.7 ft.
Approximate latitude, longitude
+40.14139, -74.61639   (decimal degrees)
40°08'29" N, 74°36'59" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
18/532677/4443520 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Allentown
Average daily traffic (as of 2017)
2,805
Inventory numbers
NJ 1106704 (New Jersey bridge number)
BH 25352 (Bridgehunter.com ID)
Inspection report (as of April 2017)
Overall condition: Poor
Superstructure condition rating: Poor (4 out of 9)
Substructure condition rating: Poor (4 out of 9)
Deck condition rating: Satisfactory (6 out of 9)
Sufficiency rating: 30 (out of 100)
View more at BridgeReports.com

Categories 

Have street view (26,928)
Mercer County, New Jersey (80)
New Jersey (1,522)
One-lane traffic (7,606)
Open (39,880)
Owned by county (20,778)
Pony truss (16,180)
Span length 75-100 feet (6,427)
Total length 100-125 feet (5,169)
Truss (32,770)
Warren pony truss (3,357)
Warren truss (6,563)
Wooden deck (6,069)

Update Log 

  • November 9, 2020: New photos from Art Suckewer
  • January 21, 2020: Updated by Art Suckewer: Added details and history of bridge
  • July 24, 2019: Updated by Art Suckewer: corrected history
  • July 23, 2019: New photos from Abby Janick
  • March 8, 2016: New photos from nathan myers
  • May 28, 2010: New Street View added by James Baughn

Sources 

  • Abby Janick - Abby_sue1 [at] yahoo [dot] com
  • Art Suckewer - Asuckewer [at] knite [dot] com
  • Nathan Myers - nathanmyers94 [at] yahoo [dot] com

Comments 

Iron Bridge Road Bridge
Posted November 9, 2020, by Mike Kerkau (mjkerkau [at] gmail [dot] com)

Don't get too excited - looks like the county may be looking at slabbing this location after all:

http://www.mercercounty.org/Home/Components/News/News/2475/

Caveat: This is from 3 & 1/2 years ago, so who knows what's taken place since then.

Iron Bridge Road Bridge
Posted March 10, 2014, by ArtS (asuckewer [at] knite [dot] com)

Thanks Nathan,

What is amazing is how many new concrete slabs are now in the area.

Regards,

Art S.

Iron Bridge Road Bridge
Posted March 10, 2014, by Nathan Holth (form3 [at] historicbridges [dot] org)

According to the historic bridge inventory the bridge of unknown construction date (ca. 1905) was moved to this location in 1924 where it rests on 1868 abutments. A concrete pier and steel stringer approach span were added due to the length of the relocated bridge being shorter.

Iron Bridge Road Bridge
Posted March 8, 2014, by ArtS (asuckewer [at] knite [dot] com)

This bridge is a few miles west of the Crosswicks Creek, Dean and Westbrook, Phoenix column through truss bridge. The bridge is not pin connected so I suspect it was newly built in 1924.