5 votes

Galena Y Bridge


Overview from northwest

Photo taken by James Baughn

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BH Photo #107541


Street View 


Five-span open-spandrel arch bridge with Y-shaped approach over James River at Galena
Stone County, Missouri
Open to pedestrians only
Opened November 1927, replacing an earlier truss bridge. Made obsolete by a new highway bridge in 1986 and closed to vehicular traffic.
- Koss Construction Co. of Des Moines, Iowa (Contractor)
Main spans: Five open-spandrel arches
Length of largest span: 100.0 ft.
Total length: 764.0 ft.
Deck width: 23.0 ft.
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on May 23, 1991
Approximate latitude, longitude
+36.80531, -93.46224   (decimal degrees)
36°48'19" N, 93°27'44" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
15/458767/4073374 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Inventory numbers
MoDOT H-404 (Missouri Dept. of Transportation bridge number)
NRHP 91000591 (National Register of Historic Places reference number)
BH 22708 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • May 23, 2019: New photos from Joe Sonderman
  • September 18, 2017: New photos from Chris Perry
  • October 10, 2015: Updated by Luke: Added category "Y Bridge"
  • February 27, 2014: New photos from Jack Schmidt
  • February 26, 2012: New photos from Larry Dooley
  • January 30, 2012: New photo from Larry Dooley
  • October 6, 2009: New photos from Mark Frazier



Galena Y Bridge
Posted January 25, 2010, by Chalon Harper (camowolf95 [at] live [dot] com)

Thank you for the info. For a budding engineering student,this is terrific for me.

Galena Y Bridge
Posted January 25, 2010, by Nathan Holth (form3 [at] historicbridges [dot] org)

To answer Chalon Harper's comments, Koss Construction was the contractor, not engineer. The bridge was designed by Missouri State Highway Department. Chief Engineer For the Bridge was B. H. Piepmeier. The contractor would have bid on the design, and yes, they did work elsewhere in the state, but I doubt they had any say in the design. I did find some interesting information from the National Register Nomination for this bridge which is one of the longest nomination narratives I have ever seen and is VERY informative about the history of the bridge. You may wish to view it as well at http://www.dnr.missouri.gov/shpo/nps-nr/91000591.pdf

For interest, I attached a historic photo from that Nomination Form with this post, as well as one of the modern nomination photos that shows the bridge layout more clearly than the photos currently here.

The similarities seen to the bridges in Oregon may have to do with the architectural style that was used with this arch bridge. From the National Register Nomination:

The Y Bridge clearly fits a stylistic category, "Classical Moderne," a conservative form of Art Deco which came to the forefront during the depression era of the 1930s... a simplified and monumental modernistic neoclassicism. The Y Bridge, therefore, represents an early example of a style which would be so associated with the public works projects of the 1930s that it is sometimes referred to as PWA (Public Works Administration) Moderne, and which dignifies many courthouses and other public buildings constructed in the Ozarks. While Classical Moderne is associated with the PWA, its inception clearly precedes the PWA.

Galena Y Bridge
Posted January 25, 2010, by Nathan Holth

This is a genuine, beautiful, historic Y bridge: not a modern non-historic one such as seen in Zanesville, Ohio, which was demolished and replaced with a modern bridge that still has the Y shape but has destroyed all historic material.

Galena Y Bridge
Posted January 25, 2010, by Chalon Harper (camowolf95 [at] live [dot] com)

It seems to me Koss Construction patterned some of their bridges off of Conde B. McCullough bridges with their open-spandrel arch. Also the elegance in them is reminiscent of Mr.McCullough's bridges.

Galena Y Bridge
Posted January 24, 2010, by Anthony Dillon (spansaver [at] hotmail [dot] com)

All I can say is.......WOW!!!

Galena Y Bridge
Posted January 24, 2010, by Chalon Harper (camowolf95 [at] yahoo [dot] com)

Bridge enthusiasts,does this bridge type not remind you of a Conde B. McCullough (Oregon Bridge Engineer) bridge? When I first saw this it hit me it looks like a McCullough bridge.

Galena Y Bridge
Posted August 6, 2009, by snoop (snoopdorkydork71 [at] gmail [dot] com)

found this in an old ozarks watch magazine. it is undated.

Galena Y Bridge
Posted December 6, 2005, by stormin norman (noneofyourbusiness [at] yahoo [dot] com)

I live in Zanesville, Ohio . The OFFICIAL Y-BRIDGE CITY. Ours is part of the Famous Zanes National Road built around 1900. Which is STILL used for public transportation.