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Sixth Street Viaduct

Photos 

Overall View Of Viaduct, With Jefferson Street In Foreground, Looking South Along Sixth Street

Photo by Clayton B. Fraser, August 1991, for HAER

View photos at Library of Congress

BH Photo #122643

Map 

Facts 

Overview
Lost Pratt through truss bridge over Over BNSF Railroad & Valley Street on 6th Street in Burlington
Location
Burlington, Des Moines County, Iowa
Status
Replaced by new bridge
History
Built 1886; Enhanced 1903; Replaced 1993
Builders
- Cameron, McManus, & Joyce of Keokuk, Iowa (1903 Substructure)
- Carnegie Steel Co. of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1886 Metal Fabricator)
- Emmett Steece (City Engineer)
- James B. Diver Bridge Co. of Keokuk, Iowa (1903 Superstructure)
- Lassig Bridge & Iron Works of Chicago, Illinois (1886 Superstructure)
Railroads
- Burlington Northern Railroad (BN)
- Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad (CBQ)
Design
"The Sixth Street Viaduct is actually comprised of two separate structures: a pin-connected Pratt truss built over the tracks of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad in 1886 and a girder overpass that was built as an approach in 1903-04. Both bridges are technologically significant as rare survivors of their type. The 1886 span is one of only three pinned through trusses remaining in Iowa's urban areas. Similarly, the open-web design of the 1903 girders is the only example of this uncommon configuration known to remain in the state. The viaduct as a whole is historically significant for its role in the development of downtown Burlington and its representation of the sometimes uneasy relationship between the city and the railroad that supported it.

"The new [1886] iron viaduct erected by a railroad construction crew that summer, contrasted sharply with its predecessor. The 235-foot-long structure stretched from Valley Street on the north to Market Street on the south, sloping slightly uphill along its length. The viaduct featured a pin-connected Pratt through truss over the railroad tracks, flanked on both sides by 60-foot and 43-foot plate girder deck approach spans. Fabricated by the Lassig Bridge & Iron Works of Chicago, using members rolled in Pittsburgh by Carnegie, the truss was made up entirely of built-up wrought iron components.

"City Engineer Emmet Steece determined that the steep approach on the viaduct's norht end needed to be reconfigured. Steece had drawn a steel structure comprised of three 36-foot girder spans supported by steel columns on concrete pedestals. With their built-up flanges, through-deck configuration and upper chords radiused continuously to form the end posts, the structures resmbled most girders of the time. What made these girders noteworthy was their patticed webs. Instead of solid plates, which was the industry standards, the webs of Steece's girders were made up of angle sections, riveted into a series of triangles with curved gusset plates - resembling a Vierendeel Warren truss...the Sixth Street Viaduct is the only such open-web girder known to exist in Iowa."

Carl W. McWilliams
Fraserdesign
Loveland, Colorado
January 1992

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Dimensions
Length of largest span: 235.0 ft.
Total length: 446.0 ft.
Deck width: 20.0 ft.
Recognition
Eligible for the National Register of Historic Places
Approximate latitude, longitude
+40.80933, -91.10653   (decimal degrees)
40°48'34" N, 91°06'24" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
15/659706/4519316 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Burlington
Inventory numbers
IA 890 (Iowa bridge number)
BH 37320 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • March 13, 2012: Updated by Luke Harden: Fixed map
  • February 17, 2011: New Street View added by Jason Smith
  • August 27, 2008: Added by J.R. Manning

Sources 

  • J.R. Manning - thekitchenguy [at] sbcglobal [dot] net
  • HAER IA-36 - Sixth Street Viaduct
  • Jason Smith - flensburg [dot] bridgehunter [dot] av [at] googlemail [dot] com
  • Luke