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Winfield Toll Bridge

Photos 

Overview

Photo taken by Joshua Collins in September 2008

Enlarge

BH Photo #136056

Map 

Statement of Significance 

Written by Nathan Holth (HistoricBridges.org)

The following text is an excerpt from comments I submitted to the National Park Service regarding the nomination which proposes to list this bridge in the National Register of Historic Places.

The Winfield Toll Bridge appears to be an example of a significant and increasingly rare bridge type. Generally reserved for long-span river crossings, riveted cantilever truss bridges like the Winfield Toll Bridge are among the largest and most iconic of bridges in the United States. Due to construction costs, the number of bridges that cross a large river is generally smaller than the number of bridges that cross small rivers. Since cantilever bridges are typically crossings for large rivers, the total number of existing cantilever truss bridges is relatively small. To make matters worse, Riveted cantilever truss bridges have in recent years faced an alarming rate of demolition. Constructed in 1955, the Winfield Toll Bridge is a later example of a riveted cantilever truss bridge. Bridges of this type were first built in the late 19th Century and became increasingly popular in the first few decades of the 20th Century. Nearly all of the 19th Century examples were replaced years ago, and today it is the bridges from the 1920s through the 1940s that are being replaced at a rapid rate today nationwide.

Earlier significant riveted cantilever truss bridges in and along West Virginia’s borders have been or are to be replaced in the immediate future. These include:

• Kanawha River on Center Street in St. Albans, Built 1934, Demolition/Replacement Planned
• Pomeroy-Mason Bridge, Ohio River, Built 1928, Demolished/Replaced 2007
• Bellaire Bridge, Benwood, WV, Built 1926, Demolition/Replacement Planned

The loss of these bridges leaves the Winfield Toll Bridge as one of the oldest of the very small number of surviving highway cantilever truss bridges in West Virginia. Because of the loss of the aforementioned earlier examples, the 1955 Winfield Toll Bridge has, in my opinion, gained historic and technological significance as a representative example of a complex and noteworthy bridge type. Like most cantilever truss bridges, the Winfield Toll Bridge’s size and complex truss configuration make the bridge an example of a significant engineering achievement. It also makes use of historical construction and fabrication techniques, particularly the use of rivets to compose built-up beams. The bridge appears to retain good historic integrity with no major alterations apparent. It is my opinion that this bridge should be listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Facts 

Overview
Through truss bridge over Kanawha River on WV 34 in Winfield
Location
Putnam County, West Virginia
Status
Open to traffic
History
Built 1955
Builder
- Harrington & Cortelyou of Kansas City
Design
Cantilevered Warren through truss
Dimensions
Length of largest span: 462.0 ft.
Total length: 1,432.2 ft.
Deck width: 27.9 ft.
Vertical clearance above deck: 14.1 ft.
Recognition
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on December 15, 2011
Also called
Kanawha River WV 34 Bridge
Ross Booth Memorial Bridge
Approximate latitude, longitude
+38.53500, -81.89833   (decimal degrees)
38°32'06" N, 81°53'54" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
17/421704/4265559 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Winfield
Average daily traffic (as of 2013)
10,000
Inventory numbers
NRHP 11000931 (National Register of Historic Places reference number)
BH 35303 (Bridgehunter.com ID)
Inspection report (as of October 2015)
Overall condition: Poor
Superstructure condition rating: Serious (3 out of 9)
Substructure condition rating: Good (7 out of 9)
Deck condition rating: Very Good (8 out of 9)
Sufficiency rating: 17.3 (out of 100)
View more at BridgeReports.com

Update Log 

  • March 19, 2019: Updated by Clark Vance: Added category "Harrington & Cortelyou"
  • December 1, 2011: Essay added by Nathan Holth
  • April 22, 2010: New Street View added by Nathan Holth
  • March 26, 2009: New photos from Joshua Collins

Sources 

Comments 

Winfield Toll Bridge
Posted December 25, 2013, by Sherman Cahal (shermancahal [at] gmail [dot] com)

A FYI, the bridge has been rehabilitated. It has a new silver paint job, refurbished railings that are a deep black, a new sidewalk and a new bridge deck. The overpass over former US 35 has also been restored. It looks great now.

Winfield Toll Bridge
Posted December 27, 2011, by Nathan Holth (form3 [at] historicbridges [dot] org)

I didn't nominate the bridge, I merely submitted comments to an already-completed nomination. Submitting comments mainly helps make sure the nomination goes through and is not rejected.

Preparing the actual nomination is a lot more work. However, the way to start in many states is to prepare something that is usually called something like a "preliminary eligibility determination" form for the state SHPO. Similar to an actual nomination, but less formal and done through the SHPO, this prepares the groundwork for an actual nomination and you get some input and help from your state SHPO.

Winfield Toll Bridge
Posted December 26, 2011, by K. A. Erickson

Nathan Holth, you must have a direct Hotline to the National Park Service review board as this bridge is now on the NRHP!

Now if someone could help me with my proposals ...

Winfield Toll Bridge
Posted December 4, 2011, by John Goold (BlueWilliamus [at] yahoo [dot] com)

People from this site who are looking to nominate bridges may not want to overlook the Parkersburg Memorial Bridge. I am going to try to get photos of this bridge because it is not a just a truss bridge like it says on this site. I am positive it is a cantilever bridge with through truss approach spans, I am going to work on photos this coming weekend.