Rating:
4 votes

B&O - Kingwood Tunnel

Photos 

Photocopied 1974, The Book Of The Great Railway Celebrations Of 1857, William Prescott Smith, New York, D. Appleton & Co., 1857 Drawing Showing The Eastern End Of The Kingwood Tunnel

The Kingwood tunnel was the major tunnel on the B&O mainline between Baltimore and Wheeling. Its construction involved the invention of new tunneling techniques and the use of prefabricated iron arch segments. It was the longest tunnel in America in 1852.

Photo taken by Historic American Engineering Record

View photos at Library of Congress

BH Photo #119204

Map 

Facts 

Overview
Tunnel on former Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Tunnelton
Location
Tunnelton, Preston County, West Virginia
Status
Sealed Up in 1950
History
Bored 1852; Subsequent work 1903 and 1912; Abandoned and sealed 1950
Railroad
- Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O; BO)
Design
Tunnel
Dimensions
Total length: 4,137.0 ft. (0.8 mi.)
Approximate latitude, longitude
+39.38927, -79.75299   (decimal degrees)
39°23'21" N, 79°45'11" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
17/607388/4360717 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Newburg
Inventory number
BH 37014 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • July 8, 2010: Updated by Bill Eichelberger: Added GPS coordinates.
  • August 1, 2008: Added by J.R. Manning

Sources 

  • J.R. Manning - thekitchenguy [at] sbcglobal [dot] net
  • HAER WV-16 - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Kingwood Tunnel, Tunnelton vicinity, Preston County, WV
  • Bill Eichelberger

Comments 

Kingwood Tunnel
Posted May 7, 2012, by Nathan Holth (form3 [at] historicbridges [dot] org)

Yes, this would have been the same Wendel Bollman, associated with B&O Railroad and the inventor of the Bollman truss configuration: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wendel_Bollman

I will leave it to others to reveal who the other names are.

Kingwood Tunnel
Posted May 7, 2012, by Sara Park (redhood911 [at] yahoo [dot] com)

Just wondering....this Wendel Bollman fellow...on the old Kingwood Tunnel in Tunnelton West Virginia, the one that was abandoned in 1950 or so, there are three stones that sit on top of the old tunnel. They have names and titles carved in each of them. The middle stone of the three has Wendel Bollman carved in in, and below his name is "Master of Road", I believe. Is this the same Wendel Bollman that was involved with the Board Tree Tunnel?

I'd also like to know who John L Wilson was, the "Assistant Master of Road", and Robert Murray, who I think was in charge of arching. I cannot tell what the stone says from my picture but to me it looks like an abbreviation for supervisor so I think the stone says "Supv of Arching." If anyone knows anything, I'd love to hear what you have to share! Thanks :-)