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Cotton Hill Station Bridge

Photos 

WV-55-1

View South-Southwest, Bridge Approach

Photo by Shelly Birdsong, December 1995, for HAER

View photos at Library of Congress

BH Photo #127694

Map 

Facts 

Overview
Lost Pratt deck truss bridge over New River, CSX RR on WV 16 in Cotton Hill
Location
Cotton Hill, Fayette County, West Virginia
Status
Replaced by new bridge
History
Replaced 1999
Builder
- Vincennes Bridge Co. of Vincennes, Indiana
Design
"The Cotton Hill Station Bridge is one of two bridges, located in Fayette County, crossing the vast New River. Its construction is a representation of the influence that local and statewide Good Roads Clubs had in improving the transportation system in Fayette County. This additional route, connecting US Route 60 with US Route 19, opened Fayette County to manufacturing and commercial opportunities not available previous to the construction of this safer and more expedient connector. It is also a representation of the influence of the Bureau of Public Roads in the design and placement of rural routes in the late 1920s.

"This project places a new structure downstream approximately fifty feet parallel to the existing bridge. Maintenance of traffic would be handled on the exiting bridge during construction. Total length of the new bridge is 840 feet. The 1927 bridge will be demolished and removed by Division of Highways upon completion of the project.

"The Cotton Hill Station Bridge and Cutoff plans were developed by the State Road Commission in 1926. The superstructure developed by the State Road Commission design dictated the use of two plate girder bridges, one 49 1/2' and one 70', three 185' nine panel Pratt deck trusses, one 66' Warren deck truss, and two 30' I-beam bridges for the superstructure which would be suspenced approximately 100 feet above the the surface of the New River. The two plate girder bridges were designed to extend across the C&O rails. This was a common practice in the era of the steam engine. Through trial and error, engineeers learned that plate girder bridges resisted the extreme heat and moisture expelled by the steam engine. The roadway was to be twenty feet, with steel lattice ballustrade guard rails. There were no sidewalks designed for the structure. The company with the lowest bid of $83,830.80 was the Vincennes Bridge Company from Vincennes, Indiana."

Shelly Birdsong, Historian
West Virginia Division of Highways
Building 5, Room A-464
1900 Kanawha Boulevard, East
Charleston, WV 25305
'

Dimensions
Length of largest span: 185.0 ft.
Total length: 800.5 ft.
Deck width: 20.0 ft.
Also called
Charles C. Rogers Bridge
Approximate latitude, longitude
+38.11372, -81.14388   (decimal degrees)
38°06'49" N, 81°08'38" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
17/487387/4218442 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Beckwith
Inventory number
BH 38116 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • November 16, 2008: Added by J.R. Manning

Sources 

  • J.R. Manning - thekitchenguy [at] sbcglobal [dot] net
  • Todd Wilson