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Colonial Parkway - Jones Mill Pond Dam

Photos 

Spillway bridge

Photo taken by Roger Deschner in November 2021

Enlarge

BH Photo #513508

Street View 

Description 

The Jones Mill Pond Dam was believed to have been built in colonial times to power a mill, making it over 250 years old. The dam shows on Civil War maps. The original dam was enlarged and widened 1931-1932, including a closed-spandrel arch bridge carrying the Colonial Parkway over the dam spillway. The dam had to be reinforced with pilings on the pond side in 1935, due to slumping earth.

This dam was the site of a major skirmish in the Civil War Battle of Williamsburg on May 5, 1862. The following is from a NPS sign at the dam:

A UNION ADVANCE

On May 5, 1862, Lt. George A Custer (who in 1876 made his "Last Stand" on the Little Bighorn River) led a detachment along the roadway here over "Cub Dam Creek" to occupy the Confederate work on the bluff immediately beyond. This maneuver in the Battle of Williamsburg came as the Union Army advanced toward Richmond in the Peninsular Campaign.

Facts 

Overview
Dam on Cub Creek carrying Colonial Parkway
Location
York County, Virginia
Status
Open to traffic
History
Built in colonial era; site of skirmish in Civil War Battle of Williamsburg May 5, 1862; raised and widened 1931-1932 to carry Colonial Parkway
Design
Earthen dam with closed-spandrel arch bridge carrying roadway over spillway. Upstream pond side has colonial-style brick facing and railing; downstream side is bare concrete.
Recognition
Listed as a contributing resource to the Colonial National Historical Park 66000839 Historic District
Approximate latitude, longitude
+37.28323, -76.64200   (decimal degrees)
37°16'60" N, 76°38'31" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
18/354439/4127556 (zone/easting/northing)
Inventory number
BH 95503 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • January 7, 2022: New Street View added by Roger Deschner
  • December 19, 2021: Updated by Roger Deschner: Import photos, add HAER information, and importance of Civil War hostilities at this dam
  • December 18, 2021: Added by Roger Deschner

Sources