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Gervais Street Bridge (1st)

Map 

Description 

The first was a wooden bridge. The Columbia Bridge Company was charted in 1819 to construct the bridge and it was completed in about 1827. The early planners of Columbia intended Senate Street and Assembly Street to be the two main thoroughfares of the city. However, for engineering reasons, the bridge across the Congaree River was constructed at the foot of Gervais Street, which caused the traffic to bypass Senate Street. The latter became a residential area instead while Gervais Street acquired more activity and commerce; which was further enhanced with the arrival of major railroads.

The Confederate States Army burned the first bridge in 1865 to delay the progress of General Sherman's army during the American Civil War. [From Wikipedia]

Facts 

Overview
Lost Timber stringer bridge over Congaree River on Gervais Street
Location
Columbia, Lexington County, South Carolina
Status
Arsoned by Confederate troops 1865; Replaced by new bridge 1870
History
Built 1827; Burnt Febuary 14th, 1865 by Confederate soldiers; Replaced 1870
Builder
- Colonel Wade Hampton
Design
Timber stringer
Approximate latitude, longitude
+33.99481, -81.05153   (decimal degrees)
33°59'41" N, 81°03'06" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
17/495241/3761581 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Southwest Columbia
Inventory number
BH 60001 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • March 1, 2014: Updated by Luke Harden: Added category "Civil War"
  • March 1, 2014: Added by Dave King

Related Bridges 

Sources 

  • Dave King - DKinghawkfan [at] hotmail [dot] com