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Oneonta Tunnel

Photos 

Oneonta Tunnel

from the east

Photo taken by Michael Goff on June 14, 2009

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BH Photo #141517

Map 

Street Views 

Facts 

Overview
Tunnel under Oneonta Basalt Out-Cropping on Historical Columbia River Highway
Location
Multnomah County, Oregon
Status
Re-Opened to pedestrians in 2009; damaged by fire Sept. 2017
History
Built 1914, Bypassed and Sealed 1948 , Re-Opened to pedestrians 2009; timber lining destroyed by wildfire Sept. 2017
Builders
- S.P. White & Co. (Contractor)
- Samuel Lancaster (Lead Engineer)
Design
The Oneonta Tunnel consisted of a 125' straight bore through a 200' tall outcropping of Columbia River basalt. It measured 20' wide with a vertical clearance of just over 19' (a radius of 9'-10" measured at 9'-2-1/2" from the floor). No written records document Oneonta tunnels construction chronology, but extensive information is available on how contractors bored Mitchell Point Tunnel and the Mosier Twin Tunnels also on the Historic Columbia River Highway.
At Oneonta, S. P. White Company most likely began work early in 1914. The material was Columbia River basalt: with frequent cleavage places, and commonly known as ''dice'' rock, because it broke up unto small fragments when it was blasted. The heading, or top portion of the bore was taken out first, followed by the bench. Blasting crews used extreme care when working near the outside wall. Because of natural conditions: they could only retain an 18' wall. Rock formations contained many large fissures. According to historian Oral Bullard, "The problem at the Oneonta Tunnel Was that in order to prevent thousands of tons of rocks from cascading down into the railroad tracks when the blasting began it was necessary to go to considerable extra work to strengthen the cliff before digging into it." Lancaster devised a plan whereby White's crews injected concrete into crevasses in an attempt to stabilize the material.
(Excerpted from Historic American Engineering Record, Oneonta Tunnel, HAER 0R-OR-36-L.)
Dimensions
Span length: 125.0 ft.
Total length: 125.0 ft.
Deck width: 20.0 ft.
Vertical clearance above deck: 19.0 ft.
Approximate latitude, longitude
+45.58944, -122.07528   (decimal degrees)
45°35'22" N, 122°04'31" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
10/572131/5048849 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Multnomah Falls
Inventory numbers
HAER 0R-OR-36-L
BH 38486 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • September 7, 2017: Updated by Alexander D. Mitchell IV: Tunnel's timber lining destroyed by wildfire Sept. 6, 2017:
  • September 8, 2010: New Street View added by Michael Goff
  • June 15, 2009: Updated by Michael Goff
  • April 20, 2009: Updated by Michael Goff
  • January 6, 2009: Added by Michael Goff

Sources 

Comments 

Oneonta Tunnel
Posted September 6, 2017, by Mike Goff (michael [dot] goff [at] hotmail [dot] com)

The Oneonta Tunnel caught fire this week during the Eagle Creek Fire east of Portland.

http://www.kptv.com/story/36294814/eagle-creek-fire-tears-th...

ODOT inspectors were going to try to check on the bridges on both I-84 and the historic highway today to see if the fire has caused any further damage to these prized structures.

The Columbia River Gorge and the Historic Columbia River Highway is going to be changed for a generation thanks to some careless teenagers.