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T 153-Six Mile Creek Bridge

Map 

Description 

From Ohio Historic Bridge Inventory: The ashlar stone arch culvert was placed ca. 1835 as part of the development of the 1832-1842 Wabash & Erie Canal (W&E) that linked Evansville, IN with Toledo. The W&E joined the Miami & Erie Canal at Junction near this structure. The right of way of the canal is now a township road. The Ohio section of the Wabash & Erie Canal was 41 miles long, and with the Indiana section, the 468 mile length made it the longest canal in the Americas. The aqueduct is one of nine ca. 1835 and 1842 aqueducts in Henry and Paulding counties. They all now carry highways built on the alignment of the old canal. While the W&E did much to stimulate the historic development of Toledo as a great lake port, the ambitious canals, which were expensive for Ohio and particularly Indiana to construct, were completed about the time the railroads came into prominence. By the Civil War, the railroads had eclipsed the canals for shipping goods and materials thus driving the canals into decline. The W&E was abandoned was abandoned in 1909. Period accounts report that many sections, which were in bad repair at the time of abandonment, had disappeared by 1913. The canal was largely drained in 1929, and in selected locations, highways and roads were constructed on the filled canal like SR 424 along the north shore of the Maumee River in Henry County or TR 153 in Paulding County. Ohio's eastern and western canals represent a significant historic context documenting our young nation's approach to developing internal improvements and linking regions and markets. The aqueducts of the Wabash & Erie Canal are historically and technologically significant for their association with the canal. They chronicle an important aspect of American history, settlement and development, and roots of our economy. All are eligible; eight in Henry County and one in Paulding County) for their association with the canal.

Facts 

Overview
Culvert bridge over Six Mile Creek on Township Road 153
Location
Paulding County, Ohio
Status
Open to traffic
History
Built 1835
Design
Culvert
Dimensions
Span length: 27.9 ft.
Total length: 27.9 ft.
Recognition
Eligible for the National Register of Historic Places
Approximate latitude, longitude
+41.20763, -84.45787   (decimal degrees)
41°12'27" N, 84°27'28" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
16/713134/4564922 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Junction
Average daily traffic (as of 2015)
324
Inventory numbers
ODOT 6333230 (Ohio Dept. of Transportation structure file number)
BH 80010 (Bridgehunter.com ID)
Inspection report (as of August 2018)
Overall condition: Fair
Sufficiency rating: 99.9 (out of 100)
View more at BridgeReports.com

Categories 

19th Century (7,848)
Built 1835 (18)
Built during 1830s (206)
Culvert (1,396)
Miami & Erie Canal (15)
NR-eligible (4,059)
Ohio (3,680)
Open (40,262)
Owned by county (21,234)
Paulding County, Ohio (23)
Span length 25-50 feet (15,926)
Total length 25-50 feet (11,335)

Update Log 

  • September 22, 2021: Updated by Paul Plassman: Adjusted GPS coordinates and added category "Miami and Erie Canal"
  • January 10, 2018: Added by Dana and Kay Klein

Sources 

Comments 

T 153-Six Mile Creek Bridge
Posted September 22, 2021, by Ed Hollowell (erhollowell [at] aol [dot] com)

Something that needs mention with this structure was the "reservoir war" in Pauling County Ohio where there existed a large reservoir on Six Mile Creek to supply water to the canal. In 1887 residents of Pauling County destroyed the damn, draining the reservoir and the canal. At that time the canal was not being used for transportation but was used for power in towns along the upper Wabash Valley. What ever the bridges earlier history it would have ended in 1887. Pauling County residents blamed Six Mile Reservoir for mosquitoes and disease and wanted it drained. Towns further south blamed the reservoir destruction on the failure of their local mills and factories who were dependent on water power. The W&E Canal was a reasonable venture but suffered from political interference as the segment south of Tera Haute was never successful and the funds should have been spent in improvements in the northern sections.

T 153-Six Mile Creek Bridge
Posted September 22, 2021, by Paul Plassman

Indeed! Thanks for adding that in, Nathan.

Now I'm wondering how much of this arch is truly original or if it has been substantially rebuilt like the ones in Henry County. I know the 1913 flood wreaked incredible damage on the canal system. Depending on how original this arch and the other ones on the canal are, they are likely the oldest or among the oldest bridges in northwest Ohio.

Time to check this one out personally....

T 153-Six Mile Creek Bridge
Posted September 22, 2021, by Nathan Holth (webmaster [at] historicbridges [dot] org)

Paul,

I added info from the Historic Bridge Inventory that you might find interesting.

T 153-Six Mile Creek Bridge
Posted September 22, 2021, by Paul Plassman

I thought the 1835 date on this bridge had to be bogus until I looked at a map and realized the Miami and Erie Canal used to go through this location and would have passed over this bridge. Doesn't conclusively prove the build date, but it does make it somewhat more plausible.