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Abbey Avenue Viaduct

Photos 

General View Of Underside Of Abbey-Avenue Branch Of The Central Viaduct (1886-1888), Looking East. This Bridge, Like The Rest Of The Viaduct, Consists Of A Series Of Iron And Steel Spans, Supported On Iron Towers Resting On Cut-Stone Foundations. The

Photo taken by Jet Lowe for the Historic American Engineering Record

View photos at Library of Congress

BH Photo #223194

Map 

Description 

The Abbey Avenue Viaduct was built as part of Cleveland's Central Viaduct, linking the downtown commercial district with the city's South Side. It is 1,092 feet long and consists of 23 iron and steel pin-connected Pratt deck trusses supported on metal towers which, in turn, are supported on masonry piers. The viaduct thus represents a type of bridge construction that was common during the late nineteenth century. The Abbey Avenue Viaduct survives virtually intact, however, at a time when most such bridges have long been replaced. The superstructure was fabricated by the King Iron Bridge Co., a Cleveland firm that enjoyed a national reputation as fabricators of metal truss bridges.

-- Historic American Engineering Record

Facts 

Overview
Lost Pratt deck truss bridge over Walworth Valley Run and Nickle Plate/Big Four Railroad on Abbey Ave
Location
Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Status
Replaced by new bridge
History
Built 1888 by the King Bridge Co.
Builder
- King Bridge Co. of Cleveland, Ohio
Design
Pinned Pratt deck truss
Dimensions
Total length: 1,092.0 ft.
Approximate latitude, longitude
+41.48432, -81.69584   (decimal degrees)
41°29'04" N, 81°41'45" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
17/441908/4592757 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Cleveland South
Inventory number
BH 50893 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Categories 

19th Century (6,180)
Built 1888 (181)
Built during 1880s (1,642)
Cleveland, Ohio (103)
Cuyahoga County, Ohio (172)
Deck truss (1,510)
HAER documented (1,096)
King Bridge Co. (284)
Lost (18,696)
Ohio (2,918)
Pin-connected (3,225)
Pratt deck truss (304)
Pratt truss (8,008)
Replaced by new bridge (12,394)
Total length 1000-2500 feet (1,671)
Truss (29,445)

Update Log 

  • January 10, 2012: Updated by J.P.: Added categories "HAER documented", "Pin-connected"

Sources