3 votes

West Fork Pigeon River Bridge


1891 W Fork Pigeon River Truss Bridge

Photo taken by C Hanchey in March 2009

License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)


View this photo on Flickr

BH Photo #135793


Street View 

Brief history 

Reposted from NCDOT

"Built in 1891, this bridge is North Carolina's oldest identified metal truss highway bridge and, indeed, the oldest dated bridge included in the inventory of the state's highway spans. It is also North Carolina's only bridge erected with patented Phoenix columns. The Phoenix Bridge Company fabricated the numerous parts of the bridge in its shops in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania. Phoenix was a leader in the development of metal truss bridge technology after the Civil War. The patented Phoenix column-a hollow circular tube formed of curved wrought-iron channels-was a breakthrough that promoted the substitution of built-up wrought-iron members for cast-iron in the compression members of truss bridges. It was a transitional design, but it had a significant impact and was a favorite of railroad bridge builders from the late 1860s through the 1880s.

The date of construction of this bridge is confirmed by records of the Phoenix Bridge Company archived at the Hagley Museum & Library in Wilmington, Delaware. Dean & Westbrook, the engineer-builders listed on the bridge plaques, acted as agents for Phoenix highway bridges in the eastern United States from about 1885 to 1895. Company records indicate they erected over 280 Phoenix-column highway truss bridges from Maine to North Carolina. It is estimated that no more than two dozen of these bridges still stand, with the greatest concentration of surviving examples in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. By the time the Haywood County bridge was fabricated, the Phoenix column was in decline.

Phoenix records indicate that this bridge was company order number B-613. The number can be found cast in the connecting pieces of the structure, along with a parts code for each piece. It was Phoenix's practice to cast or stamp the order and parts number in every member and piece, including washers and nuts, to ensure that truss parts did not get mixed up, arrived at the bridge site together, and could be easily assembled in the correct order by the erection crew. Records also indicate that the truss was designed for a live load of 720-pounds-per-linear-foot and a dead load of 460-pounds-per-linear-foot, and that it weighed 12,058 pounds at shipping. Dean & Westbrook paid 4.3 cents-per-pound for the bridge. It is not known what Haywood County paid them. The urn-shaped finials and medallion brackets that survive on this bridge were common ornamentation on truss bridges built by Phoenix and many other builders of the late 19th century, but are a rarity in North Carolina.

The total length of the bridge is 99 feet. The truss extends 80 feet and a timber stringer approach span at the northwest is 19 feet long. The presence of the approach span, which likely dates from after 1945, suggests that the truss may have been moved to this site at the time the approach was constructed."NCDOT


Pratt through truss bridge over West Fork Pigeon River on NC 1112
Haywood County, North Carolina
Open to traffic
Future prospects
To be bypassed by new bridge and then rehabilitated for pedestrian use
Built 1891
- Dean & Westbrook of New York, New York (Engineers)
Pin-connected, 5-panel Pratt through truss with Phoenix columns
Length of largest span: 81.0 ft.
Total length: 99.1 ft.
Deck width: 11.2 ft.
Vertical clearance above deck: 11.7 ft.
Eligible for the National Register of Historic Places
Approximate latitude, longitude
+35.46360, -82.89992   (decimal degrees)
35°27'49" N, 82°53'60" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
17/327601/3926115 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Average daily traffic (as of 2000)
Inventory numbers
NC 870079 (North Carolina bridge number)
BH 23276 (Bridgehunter.com ID)
Inspection report (as of May 2011)
Overall condition: Poor
Superstructure condition rating: Fair (5 out of 9)
Substructure condition rating: Poor (4 out of 9)
Deck condition rating: Poor (4 out of 9)
View more at BridgeReports.com

Update Log 

  • August 9, 2016: New Street View added by Dana and Kay Klein
  • August 9, 2015: Essay added by Royce and Bobette Haley
  • June 21, 2009: Updated by C Hanchey: Bridge designer/builder added
  • March 22, 2009: New photos from C Hanchey



West Fork Pigeon River Bridge
Posted October 18, 2011, by Tony Dillon (spansaver [at] hotmail [dot] com)

Good to see that apparently pressure from interested parties got the DOT to back off of demolition. Not many Dean & Westbrook spans left and the portal bracing on this one is very unique.

West Fork Pigeon River Bridge
Posted October 17, 2011, by Nathan Holth (form3 [at] historicbridges [dot] org)
West Fork Pigeon River Bridge
Posted March 14, 2010, by Ann Brownlee (whigkid [at] bellsouth [dot] net)

What's the status on this bridge? Info I've found is that NCDOT did want to demolish and replace it, local opposition got them to relocate the replacement bridge and spare this one. Has this been formalized? Does NCDOT want to transfer ownership? Has there been any restoration?