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B&O - Patterson Viaduct

Photos 

1970 view of west abutment looking north, showing common road arch.

Photo from Historical Architectural Engineering Record, LOC

View this photo at upload.wikimedia.org

BH Photo #269330

Map 

Description 

From Wikipedia: The Patterson Viaduct was built by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) as part of its Old Main Line during May to December 1829. The viaduct spanned the Patapsco River at Ilchester, Maryland. It was heavily damaged by a flood in 1866 and subsequently replaced with other structures.

The viaduct was constructed during the first building phase of the railroad, which extended from Baltimore, Maryland to Ellicott's Mills. The Patterson, the third bridge built for the B&O, was similar in construction to the company's first bridge, the nearby Carrollton Viaduct and was named for B&O director William Patterson. It was designed by Caspar Wever and built under the supervision of John McCartney, one of Wever's assistants. McCartney received the contract to build the Thomas Viaduct as a result of his successful completion of the Patterson contract.

The bridge was constructed of granite blocks and was approximately 360 feet (110 m) in length, rising about 43 feet (13 m) above its foundations. It had four graduated arches two of 55 feet chord (17 m) each and two of 20 feet (6 m) chord each. The smaller arches were introduced for the accommodation of two county roadways, one on each side of the river. The exterior surfaces of the granite blocks were undressed, or rusticated.

In 1830, The viaduct was part of the route used by the B&O's first horse-drawn carriage train to Ellicott's Mills.

The viaduct was almost totally destroyed in an 1868 flood. A single-span Bollman Truss built into the west abutment in 1869 incorporated the original roadway arch and upstream wing wall. The Bollman design was supplanted by another bridge before the railroad was realigned about 400 feet (120 m) upstream in 19021903 with the opening of the Ilchester Tunnel.

Today, all that remains at the original crossing is the single masonry roadway arch of the 1829 construction on the west bank and the stone abutment on the east bank, just south of the present railroad bridge. In 2006 a cable-stayed footbridge, with a design that echoes a Bollman Bridge, was added atop the abutments.

Facts 

Overview
Abandoned stone arch bridge over Patapsco River on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
Location
Howard County, Maryland, and Baltimore County, Maryland
Status
Derelict/abandoned
Future prospects
One arch remains intact; cable-stayed pedestrian bridge built at site 2006
History
Built May-December 1829, washed out 1868 and replaced with Bollman truss until 1902-03; one arch and abutments remain
Builders
- Caspar Weaver (Architect)
- John McCartney (Overseer of Construction)
Railroad
- Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O; BO)
Design
Stone arch
Dimensions
Length of largest span: 55.0 ft.
Total length: 360.0 ft.
Recognition
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on June 3, 1976
Also called
B&O - Patterson Bridge
Approximate latitude, longitude
+39.24889, -76.76468   (decimal degrees)
39°14'56" N, 76°45'53" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
18/347724/4345881 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Savage
Inventory number
BH 58594 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • October 4, 2014: New photos from Patrick S. O'Donnell
  • October 29, 2013: Updated by Luke Harden: Put parenthesis around "architect" and "overseer" of construction
  • October 29, 2013: Added by Alexander D. Mitchell IV

Sources 

  • Alexander D. Mitchell IV
  • Maryland Historical Trust - Md. Historical Trust listing from National Register application
  • Luke
  • Wikipedia
  • Patrick S. O'Donnell - 1 [dot] 991km [at] comcast [dot] net