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Casselman Bridge

Photos 

Historic American Buildings Survey A. S. Burns, Photographer Dec. 1933 Bridge Over Casselman River

Photo taken by Historic American Buildings Survey

View photos at Library of Congress

BH Photo #137331

Map 

Street View 

Description 

Bridge construction began in late 1813 and proceeded through the summer of 1814 despite several delays due to increased rains. On November 16, 1814, workers successfully turned "the largest and we think the most permanent stone arch in the United States." Shortly thereafter, William Aull received a contract for filling the bridge with rubble stone. By 1815, the fill had been deposited and settled sufficiently to allow the first wheeled vehicles across the bridge. Little Crossings Bridge remained in use until the end of the 19th century when it fell into a state of disrepair. After being fully restored in 1911 for automobile and truck traffic, it continued in service until 1933 when a steel truss bridge was erected nearby for newly-aligned U.S. 40. In its 118 years of service, countless freight and passenger vehicles, pedestrians, and livestock crossed Little Crossings Bridge on America's first federally-funded and built highway. In recognition of its outstanding contributions to our nation's heritage, Little Crossings Bridge was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1963. It is owned by the State of Maryland and preserved as part of the Casselman Bridge State Park.

-- Historic American Engineering Record

Facts 

Overview
Stone arch bridge over Casselman River on Old US 40, east of Grantsville
Location
Garrett County, Maryland
Status
Closed To All But Pedestrians in Casselman River Bridge State Park
Future prospects
Repairs intended, but with no timetable for when they are to occur.
History
Built 1813 by David Shriver, Jr.
Builder
- David Shriver, Jr.
Design
Stone arch
Recognition
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
Approximate latitude, longitude
+39.69674, -79.14366   (decimal degrees)
39°41'48" N, 79°08'37" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
17/659017/4396071 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Grantsville
Inventory numbers
NRHP 66000391 (National Register of Historic Places reference number)
BH 42364 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • August 28, 2016: New photos from Steve Conro
  • January 15, 2015: Photo imported by Dave King
  • November 6, 2013: New Street View added by J.P.
  • March 6, 2012: Updated by Nathan Holth: This bridge is now closed to traffic.
  • July 27, 2010: New photos from Daniel Hopkins
  • April 19, 2009: Posted HABS photos

Sources 

Comments 

Casselman Bridge
Posted August 1, 2009, by Greg Hall (cyclebay [at] aol [dot] com)

Photo 7- Looking east

Photo 8- Plaque declaring as a Registered National Historic Landmark

Photo 9- Additional history sign "Serving as agents of the Ohio Company, Christopher Gist and Thomas Cresap, Along with Delaware Indian Nemacolin, created a horse trail that crossed this river, then known as the Little Youghiogheny, in the early 1750's. Within a few years, Genral Edward Braddock and his 2,000 man British Army forded the same "Little Crossings" on their way to a disastrous defeat in Pennsylvania. Meriwether Lewis followed almost 50 years later as he prepared for a legendary trek to the Pacific Ocean. After 1813 Americans were building a "smooth way" through these mountains. The great marvel for travellers on this National Road was a stone bridge spanning the river that came to be know as the Casselman. David Shriver and other engineers built a breathtaking 80 foot arch single span, the longest in America. A flood of wagons, stage coaches, livestock and foot travelers wore the stone bed down by 1830. A new nine inch "macadamized" layer of stone kept the old bridge open for another 120 years."

Of additional note is that the bridge was closed to traffic in 1953.

Photo 10- Looking North/East

Photo 11- Looking North

P

Webmaster's note: The photos that were here have been incorporated into the main site.

Casselman Bridge
Posted August 1, 2009, by Greg Hall (cyclebay [at] aol [dot] com)

Photo 1- Looking West

Photo 2- Signage at East end

Photo 3- Park Information "When built in 1813, this structure was the longest single span stone bridge in America. The high arch ws designed to facilitate river boat traffic on on the proposed C&O Canal. However, due to the emerging railroad industry in the 19th century, the C&O Canal was never extended beyond Cumberland, MD. Restored in 1911, the Casselman Bridge is now listed on the National Register of Historic Sites. It has become a world renowned tourist attraction, a delight to photographers, artists and historians, and is often prominent in photographic and art exhibitions. This bridge is the oldest of three bridges which span the Casselman River at Little Crossings. The three bridges tell the regions story of transportation, settlement and development."

Photo 4- Looking West

Photo 5- Looking West

Photo 6- Looking West

Webmaster's note: The photos that were here have been incorporated into the main site.

Casselman Bridge (1813)
Posted May 29, 2009, by Rich Kaduce (Richard_Kaduce [at] kcmo [dot] org)

The bridge was restored in the 1950's and is now the focus of Casselman Bridge State Park.