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ST - Hoosac Tunnel

Photos 

East Portal - Flordia, MA

Photo by Katie from New England Oddities - 5/24/08

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View this photo at newenglandoddities.com

BH Photo #181251

Map 

Description 

The Hoosac Tunnel (also called Hoosic or Hoosick Tunnel) is a 4.75-mile-long (7.64 km) railroad tunnel in western Massachusetts which passes through the Hoosac Range, an extension of Vermont's Green Mountains. Work began in 1848 and was finally completed in 1875. At the time of completion, it was the second longest tunnel in the world (after the 8.5-mile-long (13.7 km) Mont Cenis Tunnel through the French Alps). It was the longest tunnel in North America until the completion of the Moffat Tunnel in 1928, and remains the longest active transportation tunnel east of the Rocky Mountains. The tunnel's east portal is along the Deerfield River in Florida, Massachusetts (4240′31″N 7259′53″W / 42.675163N 72.997938W / 42.675163; -72.997938). The tunnel runs in a straight line to its west portal in North Adams, Massachusetts (4240′32″N 7305′29″W / 42.675447N 73.091376W / 42.675447; -73.091376.

Facts 

Overview
Tunnel under Hoosac Mountains on Pan Am Railways
Location
North Adams, Berkshire County, Massachusetts
Status
Open with daily traffic
History
Longest tunnel built at its time, 194 killed during construction, most important piece of railroad history.
Builder
- Benjamin Henry Latrobe II of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Railroads
- Boston & Maine Railroad (B&M; BM)
- Fitchburg Railroad
- Guilford Rail System (GRS)
- Pan Am Railways (PAR)
- Springfield Terminal Railway (ST)
- Troy & Greenfield Railroad (T&G)
Dimensions
Total length: 25,080.0 ft. (4.8 mi.)
Deck width: 60.0 ft.
Recognition
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on November 2, 1973
Also called
Hoosic Tunnel
Death Tunnel
Bloody Pit
Hoosick Tunnel
Approximate latitude, longitude
+42.67538, -73.09136   (decimal degrees)
42°40'31" N, 73°05'29" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
18/656388/4726533 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
North Adams
Inventory numbers
NRHP 73000294 (National Register of Historic Places reference number)
BH 46385 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Update Log 

  • November 8, 2018: New photos from Dana and Kay Klein
  • May 21, 2018: Updated by Clark Vance: Added category "Haunted"
  • February 16, 2015: Photo imported by Dave King
  • January 13, 2014: Updated by Daniel Hopkins: Removed vidoes, all links were removed by Youtube as account it belonged to was shut down
  • August 14, 2013: New video from Daniel Hopkins
  • July 24, 2012: Updated by Daniel Hopkins: Added category "Railroad"
  • March 8, 2011: Updated by Daniel Hopkins: Updated details
  • December 9, 2010: Updated by Daniel Hopkins: Updated photos with a link to the page pictures were pulled from
  • October 6, 2010: New photos from Daniel Hopkins
  • October 1, 2010: Added by Daniel Hopkins

Sources 

Comments 

Hoosac Tunnel
Posted January 23, 2013, by Clark Vance (cvance [at] dogmail [dot] com)

The website in the comment below is a very interesting read with more links. This tunnel was quite a feat.

Hoosac Tunnel
Posted January 20, 2013, by Steve LaBonte (mv_jct [at] yahoo [dot] com)

The garage door on the west portal is a part of the ventilation system.

A web site with much information

http://jkrails.net/