Boone River Bridge
During the first twenty years of the twentieth century, the Iowa Bridge Company was responsible for building most of Wright County's steel bridges. Prior to 1909 the county's board of supervisors awarded contracts for either individual or multiple bridge projects, but in subsequent years the board often issued annual contracts to the Des Moines-based firm. One of the bridges built by IBCo in 1912 was this long-span Warren truss, erected over the Boone River north of Goldfield, in Boone Township. Steel for the superstructure was fabricated at the Cambria Mills in Pittsburgh; the truss itself was fabricated at IBCo's Des Moines shops. The bridge continues to carry vehicular traffic in its original location, and possesses a high degree of physical integrity.
After about 1910, rigid-connected Warren pony trusses began to supersede earlier pinned Pratt configurations for use on short- to intermediate-span highway bridges. Although these bridges displayed variations in their web configurations--some were "pure" Warren configurations without verticals, others had verticals at all or alternate panel points--virtually all of these early Warren trusses featured straight upper chords. A few rigid-connected Warren ponies were fabricated with polygonal upper chords, however. These were comparable to the basic Warren in their load-carrying capacity, but required somewhat less steel in the vertical and diagonal members of the outer panels. As a more materially efficient design, the polygonal-chorded Warren represented a technological refinement over its straight-chorded counterpart. Unlike long-span through trusses, in which the savings of material in a polygonal top-chord could be substantial, the relatively modest savings in material in these medium-span pony trusses was more than offset by greater inventory, fabrication and erection costs. As a result, the polygonal-chorded Warren truss never became a mainstay structural type. Those few polygonal-chorded Warrens identified in Iowa have been traced to the Iowa Bridge Company of Des Moines. Soon after the company began fabricating this bridge type, however, the Iowa State Highway Commission issued standardized bridge designs for use on the state's roads. The commission's Warren truss designs, widely adopted bye the counties under the directive of the state legislature in 1913, featured straight upper chords. The polygonal Warren configuration was thus rendered obsolete in Iowa soon after it was introduced. The Boone River Bridge is distinguished as a well-preserved example of this uncommon Warren truss subtype [adapted from Fraser 1991].
- Pony truss bridge over Boone River on Buchanan Avenue
- Wright County, Iowa
- Open to traffic
- Built 1912
- - Iowa Bridge Co. of Des Moines, Iowa
- Riveted Warren pony truss
Length of largest span: 96.1 ft.
Total length: 128.0 ft.
Deck width: 15.1 ft.
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on May 15, 1998
- Approximate latitude, longitude
- +42.85714, -93.94643 (decimal degrees)
42°51'26" N, 93°56'47" W (degrees°minutes'seconds")
- Approximate UTM coordinates
- 15/422679/4745384 (zone/easting/northing)
- Land survey
- T. 93 N., R. 26 W., Sec. 20
- USGS topographic map
- Inventory numbers
- IA 359190 (Iowa bridge number)
NRHP 98000457 (National Register of Historic Places reference number)
BH 14803 (Bridgehunter.com ID)
- Inspection (as of 04/2012)
- Deck condition rating: Poor (4 out of 9)
Superstructure condition rating: Poor (4 out of 9)
Substructure condition rating: Critical (2 out of 9)
Appraisal: Structurally deficient
Sufficiency rating: 24.7 (out of 100)
- Average daily traffic (as of 2007)
- May 27, 2012: Photo imported by Luke Harden
- July 26, 2011: Updated by Luke Harden: Added description and photograph
- August 18, 2009: Bridge is listed on National Register