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Gipple's Quarry Bridge

Photo 

Iowa Department of Transportation

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BH Photo #270764

Map 

Description 

In 1879, the Louisa County Board of Supervisors granted a petition by Thomas Stronach and other local residents to change the location of a county road in Elm Grove Township southwest of Columbus Junction. The changed alignment carried the road over Buffington Creek, necessitating the construction of a new bridge in the summer of 1881. With its timber pile construction, the structure was predictably short-lived. Eleven years after its completion, nearby stone quarry owner T.J. Gipple petitioned the county for a new, more substantial bridge at this crossing. In April 1893 the board of supervisors opened bidding for a new iron bridge. A contract to supply the truss superstructure for this crossing--and for the County Line Bridge over Long Creek in Columbus Township-- was awarded to the Gillette-Herzog Manufacturing Company of Minneapolis, Minnesota. (Cost: $1,174 for the two spans.) Using steel components rolled in Pittsburgh by Carnegie, Gillette-Herzog fabricated the medium-span pony trusses and erected them by September 1893. Both spans have since carried county-road traffic in essentially unaltered condition. With its pin-connected detailing and Pratt design, the pony truss on the Gipple's Quarry Bridge typifies iron bridge construction in Iowa from the early 1890s. What distinguishes this structure from most of its peers is its unusual lower chord configuration, with the end panels sloped downward from the bearing shoes to the center panels. Only a handful of spans employing this Pratt truss variation has been identified by the historic bridge inventory. The Gipple's Quarry Bridge is thus technologically significant as a well-preserved, early, unusually designed example of wagon bridge construction in Iowa [adapted from Fraser 1991].

Facts 

Overview
Pony truss bridge over Buffington Creek on V Avenue
Location
Louisa County, Iowa
Status
Closed to all traffic
History
Built 1893
Builders
- Carnegie Steel Co. of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Iron/Steel Manufacturer)
- Gillette-Herzog Manufacturing Co. of Minneapolis, Minnesota
Design
Pinned Pratt Pony Truss
Dimensions
Length of largest span: 60.0 ft.
Total length: 78.1 ft.
Deck width: 15.7 ft.
Recognition
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on May 15, 1998
Also called
Buffington Creek Bridge
Approximate latitude, longitude
+41.20465, -91.40907   (decimal degrees)
41°12'17" N, 91°24'33" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
15/633387/4562695 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Winfield North
Land survey
T. 74 N., R. 5 W., Sec. 23
Inventory numbers
IA 224310 (Iowa bridge number)
NRHP 98000512 (National Register of Historic Places reference number)
BH 13862 (Bridgehunter.com ID)
Inspection (as of 05/2006)
Deck condition rating: Fair (5 out of 9)
Superstructure condition rating: Critical (2 out of 9)
Substructure condition rating: Fair (5 out of 9)
Appraisal: Structurally deficient
Sufficiency rating: 21.3 (out of 100)
Average daily traffic (as of 2006)
10

Update Log 

  • November 20, 2013: New photo from Luke Harden
  • September 6, 2011: Updated by Luke Harden: added builder
  • July 1, 2011: Updated by Luke Harden: aadded info and a photograph from the IDOT historic bridges site