Fox River

to Green Bay, WI
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The Fox River is a major waterway in northeast Wisconsin, not to be confused with the similarly-named `Fox River' that flows into Illinois. It can be considered as three segments: the Wolf River (discussed under it's own heading), the Lower Fox, which drains out of Lake Winnebago cascading 39 miles over rapids on its 169 foot descent to Green Bay; and the Upper Fox, which drops only 35 feet on its 106 mile course from Portage, Wisconsin to Lake Winnebago. In 1850, a series of 26 locks were constructed, 17 on the Lower Fox and 9 on the Upper Fox, to connect Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River.

While the connection to the Mississippi was seldom used, the system did provide a useful transportation link to the area for a century, although it could not effectively compete with the railroads. As late as the early 1960's, coal and pulpwood were being delivered by barge to industries along the river. The Upper Fox system was shut down in 1951, and the Lower Fox was shut down in the 1990's. Some of the Lower Fox locks have been re-opened; the eventual goal is to get the entire Lower Fox system functional again for recreational boating. The series of locks, dams and movable bridges are the legacy left by this historic system.


C&NW - Fox River Chute Bridge (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1916 upon the opening of a new Paper Mill
Abandoned deck plate girder bridge over Fox River Channel on Abandoned Chicago & Northwestern Railway
Derelict/abandoned

CN - Appleton Swing Bridge (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1908
Through truss bridge over Fox River Navigation Canal on Canadian National Railway
Open to traffic

CN - Fox River Bridge (Green Bay) (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1897, Approaches Built 1905
Warren pony truss bridge over Fox River on Canadian National Railway
Open to traffic

CN - Island Park Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1910
Deck plate girder bridge over Fox River on Candian National Railway
Open to traffic

CN - Kaukauna Swing Bridge (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1893
Pony truss swing bridge over Fox River Navigation Canal on Canadian National Railway
Open to traffic

CN - Lush Street Swing Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1905
Through plate girder bridge over Fox River Navigation Channel on Canadian National Railway
Open to traffic

CN - Oshkosh Swing Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1899, Replaced by New Bridge 2013
Lattice through truss bridge over Fox River on Canadian National Railway
Replaced by a new bridge

CN - Phoebe Street Swing Bridge (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1895
Pratt Through truss bridge Over Fox River on Canadian National Railway
Open to traffic

CN - Porler Street Swing Bridge (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1902
Lost Pratt through truss bridge over Fox River on Abandoned Canadian National Railway
Removed

CN - Schultheis Street Rail Bridge (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1911
Steel stringer bridge over Fox River on Canadian National Railway
Derelict/abandoned

CN - Shattuck Park Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1910
Deck plate girder bridge over Fox River on Candian National Railway
Open to traffic

CNW - De Pere Swing Bridge (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Pony Trusses Built 1892, Through Trusses Brought in 1902, Swing Span Built 1904
Lost Warren through truss bridge over Fox River on Former Chicago & Northwestern Railway
Removed but not replaced

De Pere Fox River Bridge (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1932; rehabilitated 1977
Deck truss bridge over Fox River on Main Street (WI 32) in De Pere
Replaced by a new bridge

Eureka Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1939; ruthlessly wiped out 2013
Lost Scherzer-type rolling lift bascule bridge (with overhead counterweight) over Fox River on CTH K in Town of Rushford
Replaced by a new bridge

Fox Cities Trestle (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built by the C&NW ca. 1900; Acquired by Canadian National RR; Abandoned ca. 1990; Opened as recreation trail in 2005
Bridge over Little Lake Butte des Morts on Friendship Trail in Menasha
Open to pedestrians & bicycles

Fox River Bascule Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1973
Bascule bridge over Fox River on US 45 (S. Main Street) in Oshkosh
Open to traffic

Fox River Bascule Bridge (Approach Span) (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1993
Approach to Tayco Street bascule bridge over Fox River (WI 114) in Menasha
Open to traffic

Fox River Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1982
Bascule bridge over Fox River on WI 21 (Congress Street) in Oshkosh
Open to traffic

Fox River Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1939; Replaced October 11, 2008
Lost twin-leaf bascule bridge over Fox River on WI 44 (Wisconsin Avenue) in Oshkosh
Open to traffic

Fox River Canal Bridge (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1954
Bascule bridge over Fox River Canal on Lawe Street in Appleton
Open to traffic

Huron Street Bridge (Waushara County, Wisconsin)
Built 1931; Replaced 2004
Lost Deck plate girder bridge over Fox River on Huron Street
Replaced by a new bridge

Huron Street Bridge (Old) (Waushara County, Wisconsin)
Replaced 1931
Lost Pratt through truss bridge over Fox River on Huron Street
Replaced by a new bridge

Jackson-Oregon Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1919, Replaced 1956
Lost Deck plate girder bridge over Fox River on Jackson Street/Oregon Street
Replaced by a new bridge

Lawe Street Bascule Bridge (Kaukauna, Wisconsin) (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Year built unknown; replaced a few years ago.
Lost arch bridge over Fox River (US Army Corps of Engineers navigation canal) on Wisconsin Highway 55 (Lawe Street). Replaced earlier swing bridge.
Replaced by new bridge

Leo Frigo Memorial Bridge (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1981; closed Sept. 25, 2013, after the deck was found to be sagging; reopened January 5, 2014
Steel through tied arch bridge over Fox River on I-43 in Green Bay
Open to traffic

Little Chute Bascule Bridge (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1928; Replaced 2015
Bridge over Fox River Lock on Mill Street in Little Chute
Replaced by a new bridge

Main Street Bridge (New) (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1998
Twin-leaf bascule bridge over Fox River on Main Street (US 141) in Green Bay
Open to traffic

Main Street Bridge (Old) (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1923; Replaced 1996
Lost Bascule Bridge over Fox River on US 141 in Green Bay
Replaced by new bridge

Mason Street Bridge (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1973
Bascule bridge over Fox River on Mason Street (WI 54) in Green Bay
Open to traffic

MILW - Omro Swing Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Lost Bridge over Fox River on Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific Railroad
Removed

Miron Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 2005
Bascule bridge over Fox River Navigation Channel on Friendship Recreational Trail in Menasha
Open to pedestrians

Omro Swing Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Lost Pratt through truss bridge over Fox River on Road
Replaced by a new bridge

Oneida Street Bridge (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1959
Bascule bridge over Fox River (Army Corps of Engineers canal) on Oneida Street in Appleton
Open to traffic

Oregon Street Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1956; rehabilitated 1994
Bascule bridge over Fox River on Oregon Street in Oshkosh
Open to traffic

Oregon Street Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1914
Deck truss bridge over Oregon Street on Pedestrian Walkway in Oshkosh
Open to traffic

Princeton Swing Bridge (Green Lake County, Wisconsin)
Main span built in 1901; Approach built in 1908 by the American Bridge Co.
Riveted Warren pony truss bridge over Fox River on Recreational trail on former railroad bed
Open to traffic

Racine Street Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1952
Twin leaf bascule bridge over Fox River on Racine Street in Menasha
Open to traffic

SOO - Fox River Swing Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Lost through truss swing bridge over the Fox River on Soo Line Railroad
Removed

Spoor's Bridge (Waushara County, Wisconsin)
Lost Pratt through truss bridge over Fox River on Road
Replaced by a new bridge

Tayco Street Bascule Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Built 1993; Replaced the original Tayco Street Bridge
Single leaf bascule bridge over Fox River Navigation Channel on Tayco Street in Menasha
Open to traffic

Tayco Street Bridge (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Replaced 1993
Lost bascule bridge over Fox River Navigation Channel on Tayco Street in Menasha
Replaced by new bridge

UP - Buffalo Lake Trestle (Marquette County, Wisconsin)
Built 1911
Through truss Swing bridge over Fox River on Union Pacific Railroad
Open to traffic

Walnut Street Bridge (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1986
Twin leaf bascule bridge over Fox River on Walnut Street (WI 29) in Green Bay
Open to traffic

Walnut Street Bridge (Old) (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Lost Warren pony truss bascule bridge over Fox River on Walnut Street (WI 29)
Replaced by a new bridge

West Algoma Street Bridge (Old) (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Lost Deck plate girder bridge over Fox River on West Algoma Street & Wisconsin Electric Railway
Replaced by a new bridge

West Algoma Street Bridge (Older) (Winnebago County, Wisconsin)
Ordered replaced 1911
Lost Pratt through truss bridge over Fox River on West Algoma Street & Oshkosh & Omro Interurban Railway
Replaced by a new bridge

Wisconsin Avenue Bridge (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1984
Vertical lift bridge over US Government Canal Fox River on Wisconsin Avenue in Kaukauna
Open to traffic

Wisconsin Avenue Bridge (pre-1984) (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1925, replacing earlier Swing bridge on the same site. Replaced 1984
Lost Deck plate girder bridge over Fox River (US Army Corps of Engineers Canal) on Wisconsin Avenue / Island Street (now part of Wisconsin Avenue)
Replaced by new bridge

Wrightstown Fox River Bridge (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1934; rehabilitated 1977; Demolished 2015
Twin-leaf bascule bridge over Fox River on Ferry Street (WI 96) in Wrightstown
Open to traffic although no longer functional as a draw bridge