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Strauss Bascule Bridge Co.

of Chicago, Illinois
View Exhibit map

Originally known as the Strauss Bascule & Concrete Bridge Co., this company was later known as the Strauss Engineering Group.

Joseph Baermann Strauss was a bridge engineer who developed patented designs for trunnion bascule bridges, particularly the variant called the "heel trunnion" and thereafter specialized in the design of trunnion bascule bridges in general. When he undertook the design of the Golden Gate Bridge, he was somewhat out of his comfort zone. Although credit is often given solely to Strauss for designing the Golden Gate Bridge, he actually hired Charles Alton Ellis to do nearly all the engineering for the bridge, and simply took credit for the work that Ellis did. Strauss operated the Strauss Bascule Bridge Company of Chicago, Illinois


112th Street Bridge (Albany County, New York)
Built 1922
Lost Warren deck truss bascule bridge over Hudson River on 112th Street
Replaced by a new bridge

12th Street Bridge (Unbuilt) (Cook County, Illinois)
Through truss bridge over Chicago River on 12th Street (Now Roosevelt Road)
Never built

151st Street Bridge (Lake County, Indiana)
Built 1916
Bascule bridge over Indiana Harbor Canal on 151st Street
Replaced by a new bridge

18th Street Lift Bridge (Jefferson County, Kentucky)
Lift design, 1915
Lost Through truss bridge over Louisville & Portland Canal on 18th Street
Removed

6th Steet Bridge (Old) (Muskingum County, Ohio)
Bascule Designer, 1914
Lost Deck girder bridge over Muskingum River on 6th Street
Replaced by a new bridge

Albany Avenue Bridge (Atlantic County, New Jersey)
Girder bridge over Intracoastal Waterway on State Route 40
Open to traffic

Amtrak - Bush River Bridge (Harford County, Maryland)
Built 1913
Deck girder bridge over Bush River on Amtrak/Northeast Corridor 2 tracks RR
Open to rail traffic

Amtrak - Groton Bridge (New London County, Connecticut)
Bascule Design, 1919
Vertical-lift through truss bridge over Thames River on Northeast Corridor (Amtrak)
Open to traffic

Amtrak - Gunpowder River Bridge (Baltimore County, Maryland)
Built 1912-13
Girder bridge over Gunpowder River on Amtrak RR ( 2 tracks)
Open to rail traffic, draw mechanism removed

Arlington Memorial Bridge (Washington, District of Columbia)
Built 1932
Bascule bridge with concrete arch approaches over Potomac River on Memorial Avenue
Open to traffic

B&A - Chelsea Creek Railroad Bridge (Suffolk County, Massachusetts)
Built 1919
Bridge over Chelsea Creek on Boston & Albany Railroad ( 2 tracks)
Removed but not replaced

B&O - Bodine Creek Bridge (Richmond County, New York)
Built 1907
Bridge over Bodine Creek on Rapid Transit Railroad ( 2 tracks)
No longer exists

B&O - Calumet River Bridge (Cook County, Illinois)
Built 1912
Lost Baltimore through bridge over Calumet River on B&O Railroad ( 2 tracks)
Destroyed by collision

B&OCT - Indiana Harbor Canal Bridge (Lake County, Indiana)
Built 1914
Abandoned deck plate girder bridge over Indiana Harbor Canal on Baltimore & Ohio Chicago Terminal (Whitning)
Derelict/abandoned

B&OCT - South Branch Chicago River Bridge (Cook County, Illinois)
Built 1930
Abandoned warren through truss bridge over South Branch Chicago River on Baltimore & Ohio Chicago Terminal Railroad
Derelict/abandoned

Bass River Bridge (Burlington County, New Jersey)
Built 1924
Lost bascule bridge over Bass River on US 9
No longer exists

Beach Lane Bridge (Suffolk County, New York)
Built 1936
Deck girder bridge over Quantuck Canal on Beach Lane
Open to traffic

Bellamy River Bridge (Strafford County, New Hampshire)
Built 1935
Pony/through plate girder bridge over Bellamy River on Us 4
Demolished and replaced.

Belleville Turnpike Bridge (Essex County, New Jersey)
Built 1914
Lost through truss bascule bridge over Passaic River on NJ 7 in Belleville/North Arlington/Kearny
No longer exists

Benson Street Bridge (Hamilton County, Ohio)
Built 1908
Through truss bridge over Miami & Erie Canal on Benson was Wyoming Street
No longer exists

Berkley Bridge (Old) (Norfolk, Virginia)
Lost Through truss bridge over East Branch Elizabeth River on US 460
Replaced by a new bridge

Blackpoint Bridge (Marin County, California)
Built 1917
Lost Baltimore through truss bridge over Petaluma Creek on CA 37
Replaced by a new bridge

BNSF - Chambers Bay Bridge (Pierce County, Washington)
Built 1914
Vertical lift bridge over Chambers Bay on BNSF Railroad
Open to traffic

BNSF - Duwamish River Bridge (King County, Washington)
Built 1928
Single leaf bascule bridge over Duwamish River on BNSF Railroad (single track)
Open to traffic

BNSF - Salmon Bay Bridge No. 4 (King County, Washington)
Built 1913
Warren through truss bridge over Salmon Bay on BNSF Railroad ( 2 tracks)
Open to RR traffic; carries 30-40 passenger and freight trains per day.

C&LE - Swan Creek Bridge (Lucas County, Ohio)
Design, 1909
Lost Deck plate girder bridge over Swan Creek on Ohio Electric Railway
No longer exists

Cass Street Bridge (Hillsborough County, Florida)
Built 1926
Bascule bridge over Hillsborough River on Cass Street in Tampa
Open to traffic

CCC&StL - Cuyahoga River Bascule Bridge (Cuyahoga County, Ohio)
Built 1920
Lost Warren through truss bridge over Cuyahoga River on Cleveland Columbus Cincinnatti & St Louis Railroad
No longer exists

Charlestown Elevated - Mystic River Bridge (Suffolk County, Massachusetts)
Built 1919
Deck girder bridge over Mystic River on Boston Elevated Railway (MBTA Orange Line)
No longer exists

Chelsea Street Bridge (Old) (Suffolk County, Massachusetts)
renamed to Strauss and Paine, 1936
Bascule bridge over Chelsea River on Chelsea Street in Boston
Replaced by a new bridge

China Basin Bridge (San Francisco County, California)
Built 1933
Pratt truss variant Bascule bridge over China Basin on Third Street in San Francisco
Open to traffic

City Park Avenue Bridge (Orleans Parish, Louisiana)
Deck girder bridge over New Basin Canal on City Park Avenue
Demolished

CNLA - Newport River Bridge (Carteret County, North Carolina)
Built 1947
Bascule bridge over Newport River on Former Beaufort & Morehead Carolina Rail Service Railroad
Open to traffic

CNW - Kinzie Street Bridge (Cook County, Illinois)
Built 1908
Warren through truss bridge over North Branch Chicago River on Union Pacific Railroad
Officially open to traffic; carries 1 UPRR "Hy-rail" truck annually

Congress Street Bridge (Suffolk County, Massachusetts)
Built 1850
Bascule bridge over Fort Point Channel on Congress Street in Boston
Open to traffic

Crawford Avenue Bridge (Old) (Cook County, Illinois)
Lost Through truss bridge over Caumet Sag -Sanitary Canal on Crawford Avenue
Replaced by a new bridge

CRCX - Darby Creek Bridge (Delaware County, Pennsylvania)
Built 1917
Pony/through plate girder bridge over Darby Creek on Conrail Shared Assets Operations
Open to traffic

CSX - Altamaha River Bridge (Wayne County, Georgia)
Built 1914
Warren through truss bridge over Altamaha River on Csx Railroad ( single track)
Open to traffic

CSX - Buffalo River Bridge (Erie County, New York)
Built 19153
Warren through truss bridge over Buffalo River on CSX Railroad
Open to traffic

CSX - CP Draw (Erie County, New York)
Built 1915
Bridge over Buffalo River on Csx Railroad
Open to traffic

CSX - Erie Canal Bridge (Erie County, New York)
Built 1918
Baltimore through truss bridge over the Barge Canal (Erie Canal) between Tonawanda and North Tonawanda
Open to traffic

CSX - Inner Harbor Navigation Canal Bridge (Orleans Parish, Louisiana)
Built 1919
Bascule bridge over the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal (Industrial Canal) on former Almonaster Ave. in New Orleans
Open to rail traffic; closed to vehicular traffic

CSX - Overpeck Creek Bridge (Bergen County, New Jersey)
Built 1911
Pony/through plate girder bascule bridge over Overpeck Creek on Railroad (NYS&W)
Removed but not replaced

CUOH - Zanesville Bridge (Muskingum County, Ohio)
Built 1913
Through truss bridge over Muskingum River on Railroad in Zanesville
Limited Rail Traffic

CWI - Calumet River Bridge (Old) (Cook County, Illinois)
Built 1912
Lost Bridge over Calumet River on Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad
Replaced by a new bridge

Danzinger Bridge (Old) (Orleans Parish, Louisiana)
Built 1932
Lost Deck plate girder bridge over Industrial Canal on US 90 Chef Menteur Highway
Replaced by a new bridge

DCAX - Short Cut Canal Bridge (Wayne County, Michigan)
Built 1920
Warren through truss bridge over Rouge River on Delray Connecting Railroad
Open to traffic

Division Street Bridge (Wicomico County, Maryland)
Lost Deck plate girder bridge over Wicomico River on Ocean Highway
Replaced by a new bridge

DL&W - Hackensack River Bridge (Never Built) (Hudson County, New Jersey)
Warren through truss bridge over Hackensack River on Delaware Lackawanna & Western RR
Never built

DL&W - Lower Buffalo River Drawbridge (Erie County, New York)
Built 1913
Lost Warren through truss bascule bridge over Buffalo Creek on Delaware Lackawanna & Western Railroad
Removed

Dorset Avenue Bridge (Atlantic County, New Jersey)
Built 1929
Bascule bridge over Inside Thorofare on Dorset Avenue in Ventnor City
Open to traffic

East Washington Avenue Bridge (Fairfield County, Connecticut)
Built 1916
Bascule bridge over Pequonnock River on East Washington Avenue in Bridgeport
Open to traffic

Edison Street Bridge (San Joaquin County, California)
Built 1942
Lost Warren pony truss bascule bridge over Mormon Slough on Edison Street
No longer exists

Eel Pond Bridge (Barnstable County, Massachusetts)
Built 1940
Bascule bridge over Eel Pond on Water Street in Woods Hole
Open to traffic

Eighth Street Bridge (Passaic County, New Jersey)
Design, 1914
Pony truss bridge over Passaic River on Eighth Street in Passaic
No longer exists

Elgin-Belvidere Electric - Kishwaukee River Bridge (Boone County, Illinois)
Built 1905
Abandoned ribbed closed-spandrel arch bridge over Kishwaukee River on abandonded Elgin-Belvidere Railroad
Abandoned. Derelict crumbling/overgrown

Erie - Heel Trunnion Bascule Bridge (Cuyahoga County, Ohio)
Built 1911
Lost bridge over Cuyahoga River on Former Erie RR line (2 tracks)
It was removed in 1985

Erie - NX Bridge (Essex County, New Jersey)
Built 1922
Warren through truss with all verticals bridge over Passaic River on Erie Railroad (abandoned)
Closed to all traffic

FEC - New River Bridge (Old) (Broward County, Florida)
Built 1890/1915
Lost Concrete tee beam bridge over New River on Florida East Coast RR
Replaced by a new bridge

FEC - St Johns River Bridge (Cooks Ferry) (Volusia County, Florida)
Built 1912
Lost Bridge over St Johns River on Florida East Coast
Removed

FEC - St. Johns River Bridge (Jacksonville) (Duval County, Florida)
Built 1925
Through truss bridge w/Strauss Trunnion bascule lift span over St. Johns River in Jacksonville
Open to traffic

Federal Street Bascule Bridge (Camden County, New Jersey)
Built 1906
Strauss bascule bridge over Cooper River on Federal Street
Open to traffic

First Street Bridge (Middlesex County, Massachusetts)
Built 1925
Deck plate girder bridge over Broad Canal on First Street
Open to traffic

Florida Avenue Bridge (Old) (Orleans Parish, Louisiana)
Built 1919
Bascule bridge over the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal (Industrial Canal) on former Florida Avenue in New Orleans
Replaced by new bridge

Fourth Street Bridge (San Francisco County, California)
Design Firm, 1916
Warren truss Bascule bridge over China Basin on Fourth Street in San Francisco
Open to traffic

Freeport Bridge (Sacramento County, California)
Built 1929
Bascule bridge over Sacramento River in Sacramento
Open to traffic

Gandy Bridge (Older) (Hillsborough County, Florida)
Built 1924
Lost Deck girder bridge over Tampa Bay on West Gandy Boulevard
No longer exists

Glen Island Bridge (Westchester County, New York)
Built 1930
Bascule bridge over New Rochelle Harbor on Glen Island Approach in New Rochelle
Open to traffic

Granite Avenue Bridge (Old) (Suffolk County, Massachusetts)
Built 1914
Lost Deck plate girder bridge over Neponset River on Granite Avenue
Demolished and replaced

Green Bank Road Bridge (Burlington County, New Jersey)
Built 1993
Bascule bridge over Mullica River on CR 563
Open to traffic

Hackensack River Bridge (Old) (Hudson County, New Jersey)
Lost Through truss bridge over Hackensack River on US Highway 1 - 9
Destroyed by disaster and replaced

HB&T - Buffalo Bayou Bascule Bridge (Harris County, Texas)
Design, 1912.
Abandoned through truss bridge over Buffalo Bayou on Railroad
Abandoned

Henry Ford Bridge (Los Angeles County, California)
Design Engineer, 1924
Bridge over Cerritos Channel on Los Angles Harbor Belt Railway
Demolished and replaced.

Hoquiam River Bascule Bridge (Grays Harbor County, Washington)
Consulting Firm, 1928
Bascule bridge over Hoquiam River on US 101 in Hoquiam
Open to traffic

Hylebos Waterway Bridge (Old) (Pierce County, Washington)
Built 1925
Lost Through truss bridge over Hylebos Waterway on East 11th Street
Replaced by a new bridge

I&GN - Buffalo Bayou Bridge (Harris County, Texas)
Consulting Engineers, 1915
Underneath Counterweight Type Deck Plate Girder Bascule Bridge over Buffalo Bayou on International & Great Northern Railroad
Replaced

IC - Big Black River Bridge (Warren County, Mississippi)
Built 1917
Lost deck girder bascule bridge over Big Black River on Illinois Central RR former Yazoo & Mississippi Valley RR
No longer exists

IC - Galena River Bridge (Jo Daviess County, Illinois)
Lift Design, 1914
Lost Warren through truss bridge over Galena River on Illinois Central Railroad
Collapsed

IC - Little Calumet River Bridge (Cook County, Illinois)
Built 1925
Deck plate girder bridge over Little Calumet River on Illinois Central RR
Open to traffic fixed in place

Independence-Liberty Bridge (Clay County, Missouri)
Design, 1929
Lost cantilevered through truss bridge over the former channel of the Missouri River on MO 291
Replaced by new bridge

Islais Creek Bridge (Old) (San Francisco County, California)
Built 1915
Lost Baltimore through truss bridge over Islais Creek on Third Street/Kentucky Street
Replaced by a new bridge

Isleton Bridge (Sacramento County, California)
Bascule Design, 1923
Bascule bridge over Sacramento River on CA 160
Open to traffic

Jackson Boulevard Bridge (Cook County, Illinois)
Built 1916
Bascule bridge over South Branch Chicago River on Jackson Blvd. (original Rte 66)in Chicago
Open to traffic

Lake Shore Drive Drawbridge (Cook County, Illinois)
Built 1937
Double-deck bascule bridge over Main Branch Chicago River on Lake Shore Drive in Chicago
Open to traffic

Lake Street Bridge (Orleans Parish, Louisiana)
Lost Deck girder bridge over New Basin Canal on Lake Street
No longer exists

Laurel Street Bridge (Hillsborough County, Florida)
Built 1927
Bascule bridge over Hillsborough River on Laurel Street in Tampa
Open to traffic

Lewis & Clark Bridge (Cowlitz County, Washington)
Design Firm, 1929
Cantilevered through truss bridge over Columbia River on WA 433 at Longview
Open to traffic

Little Chute Bascule Bridge (Outagamie County, Wisconsin)
Built 1928
Bridge over Fox River Lock on Mill Street in Little Chute
Replaced by a new bridge

Long Beach Road Bridge (Nassau County, New York)
Built 1953
Pair of bascule bridges over Reynolds Channel on Long Beach Road
Open to traffic

Lost Lower Bank Road Bridge (Burlington County, New Jersey)
Built 1926
Deck girder bridge on County Route 652
Replaced by a new bridge

Lyndale Avenue Bridge (Hennepin County, Minnesota)
Bascule Design, 1919
Lost Warren deck truss bascule bridge over Minnesota River on Lyndale Avenue
Replaced by a new bridge

Main Street Bridge (Kenosha County, Wisconsin)
Built 1921
Lost Through truss bridge over Pike Creek / Kenosha Harbor on Six Avenue
No longer exists

Main Street Bridge (Old) (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Built 1923
Lost Bascule Bridge over Fox River on US 141 in Green Bay
Replaced by new bridge

Malden Bridge (Suffolk County, Massachusetts)
Built 1917
Lost Through truss bridge over Mystic River on Route 99 Alford Street
Replaced by a new bridge

Manthey Road Bridge (San Joaquin County, California)
Built 1926
Parker through truss bridge over San Joaquin River on Manthey Road in Lathrop
Open to traffic

Mare Island Bridge (2nd) (Solano County, California)
Built 1935
Lost Deck plate girder bridge over Mare Island Strait on Mare Island Shipyard RD w RR
Replaced by a new bridge

Mason Street Bridge (Old) (Brown County, Wisconsin)
Lost Through truss bridge over Fox River on Manson Street (WI 54)
Replaced by a new bridge

Matawan Creek Bridge (Monmouth County, New Jersey)
Built 1922
Bridge over Matawan Creek on New Jersey Route 6 Front Street
Open to traffic

Matthiessen Park Footbridge (LaSalle County, Illinois)
Designer, 1905
Ribbed closed-spandrel arch bridge over Deer Creek Gorge on Pedestrian Walkway
Open to pedestrians

MBTA - Gloucester Draw (Essex County, Massachusetts)
Built 1910
Deck plate girder bridge over Annisquam River on Boston & Maine
Open to traffic