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C Avenue Bridge

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C Ave Bridge at Dewitt Center former Dewitt Army General Hospital during WWII

Looking north across the C Ave Bridge at Dewitt Center former Dewitt Army General Hospital during WWII.

Photo taken by Mike Lynch

License: Released into public domain

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BH Photo #259825

Map 

Street View 

Description 

This small bridge was built as part of the construction of Dewitt Army General Hospital in 1943.

The following information was obtained from Hospital Annual Reports on former DeWitt General Hospital for the years 1943 through 1945. Construction of former DeWitt General Hospital was approved on 25 March 1943, with a tentative completion date set for 15 November 1943. The hospital was activated as Auburn General Hospital on 15 August 1943 per Headquarters, Ninth Service Command General Order 96, dated 12 August 1943. It was designated DeWitt General Hospital per War Department General Order 48, dated 24 August 1943 and confirmed by General Order 122, Headquarters, Ninth Service Command, dated 4 October 1943. DeWitt General Hospital officially opened on 27 February 1944. Its function was "to receive and treat war casualties as well as those from the Zone of Interior posts, camps, and stations"

The hospital initially furnished general hospital treatment for the Reno Army Air Base, Chico Army Air Field, Camp Beale, Camp Kohler, McClellan Field, and the Sierra Ordnance Depot. With cessation of the war and a large influx of overseas patients, DeWitt General Hospital was relieved of a majority of Zone of Interior patients with the exception of their own duty personnel. DeWitt General Hospital "was designated a hospital center for the care of neurosurgical, vascular (both medical and surgical), neuropsychiatry (both open and closed ward), general and orthopedic surgery, in addition to general medical type of patients".

A Dental Branch was present at the hospital as well. In 1944, DeWitt General Hospital was temporarily selected as an amputation center, but the idea was abandoned due to a lack of space and a shortage of equipment and trained personnel. Hospital occupancy peaked on 30 August 1945 with 2,310 patients.

DeWitt General Hospital was declared surplus on 31 December 1945 and the War Assets Administration (WAA) assumed custody of the Site on 24 June 1946. The Site was conveyed to the State of California by quitclaim deed executed on 15 March 1947. As a part of this conveyance four conditions had to be met. According to the first, for a period of 25 years from the date of this conveyance, the property had to be continuously used as and for a mental institution. The second condition stated the premises could not be resold or leased within the first 25 years without authorization from the WAA. The third condition listed the reporting requirements for the state. Finally, the fourth condition was the procedures to be followed if the first three conditions could not be met. The deed states that all and singular tenements, hereditaments, and appurtenances were transferred to the State of California. According to the State Archive's Online Archive of California, the hospital began receiving patients in early 1947.

Facts 

Overview
1943 concrete Slab bridge with brick railings over Ophir Canal on C Ave built in WWII as part of the Army Dewitt General Hospital
Location
Placer County, California
Status
This concrete slab bridge is in good condition
History
Built by the US Army as part of Dewitt General Hospital in 1943.
Builder
- U.S. Army of Washington, D.C.
Design
Slab with custom brick railings matching the brick work of the Dewitt Hospital. Crosses were created in the brickwork probably to represent the Red Cross nature of the hospital
Dimensions
Total length: 30.0 ft.
Deck width: 12.0 ft.
Also called
Dewitt Ophir Canal Bridge
Approximate latitude, longitude
+38.93988, -121.10230   (decimal degrees)
38°56'24" N, 121°06'08" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
10/664470/4311817 (zone/easting/northing)
Quadrangle map:
Auburn
Inventory number
BH 57181 (Bridgehunter.com ID)

Categories 

Built 1943 (108)
Built during 1940s (3,792)
California (2,200)
Have street view (24,642)
Open (37,945)
Owned by county (19,495)
Placer County, California (63)
Slab (1,772)
Total length 25-50 feet (10,407)
U.S. Army (12)

Update Log 

  • October 4, 2013: New Street View added by J.P.
  • July 15, 2013: Added by Mike Lynch

Sources 

  • Mike Lynch - lynch3212 [at] wavecable [dot] com
  • J.P. - wildcatjon2000 [at] gmail [dot] com